Remote Sensing Lab

LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE, THERMAL APPLICATIONS
OVERVIEW

Thermal anomaly across the Israel-Egypt political border was observed in satellite images. This anomaly was explained by the different properties of the sand dunes of both sides of the border. While the Israeli side is covered by biogenic soil crust, the Egyptian side is characterized by bare sands.

 

 

The biogenic soil crust consists mainly of cyanobacteria and particles of silt and clay and therefore is much darker than the dune sands. Consequently, the crust’s temperature was found to be considerably higher (up to 4°C) than the substrate bare sands.

 

 

 

Algorithms for retrieving land surface temperature from different satellites were developed, and the crusts’ thermal property was linked to the surface energy balance.

PAPERS

Qin, Z., Pedro Berliner, P., and Karnieli, A. 2005. Ground temperature measurement and emissivity determination to understand the thermal anomaly and its significance on the development of an arid environmental ecosystem in the sand dunes across the Israel-Egypt border. Journal of Arid Environments, 60, 27-52.

Qin, Z. Li, W., Zhang, M., Karnieli, A. and Berliner, P. 2003, Estimating the essential atmospheric parameters of mono-window algorithm for land surface temperature retrieval from Landsat TM6. Remote Sensing for Land Resources2, 37-43 (in Chinese).
Qin, Z., Berliner, P. and Karnieli, A. 2002. Numerical solution of a complete surface energy balance model for simulation of heat fluxes and surface temperature under bare soil environment. Applied Mathematics and Computation130, 169-198.
Qin, Z., Karnieli, A. and Berliner, P. 2002. Remote sensing analysis of the land surface temperature anomaly in the sand dune region across the Israel-Egypt border. International Journal of Remote Sensing23, 3991-4018.
Qin Z.H., Berliner, P., Karnieli, A. 2002. Micrometeorological modeling to understand the thermal anomaly in the sand dunes across the Israel-Egypt border. Journal of Arid Environments51, 281-318.
2001
Qin, Z., Karnieli, A. and Berliner, P. 2001. Thermal variation in the Israel-Sinai (Egypt) peninsula region. International Journal of Remote Sensing22, 915-919.
Qin, Z., Ming-hua, Z., Karnieli, A. and Berliner, P. 2001. Mono-window algorithm for retrieving land surface temperature from Landsat TM6 data. ACTA Geographica Sinica56, 456-466 (in Chinese).
Qin, Z., Dall’Olmo, G., Karnieli, A. and Berliner, P. 2001. Derivation of split window algorithm and its sensitivity analysis for retrieving land surface temperature from NOAA-AVHRR data. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmosphere106, 22,655-22,670.
Qin, Z., Karnieli, A. and Berliner, P. 2001. A mono-window algorithm for retrieving land surface temperature from Landsat TM data and its application to the Israel-Egypt border region. International Journal of Remote Sensing22, 3,719-3,746.
Qin, Z. and Karnieli, A. 1999. Progress in the remote sensing of land surface temperature and ground emissivity using NOAA-AVHRR – a review. International Journal of Remote Sensing20, 2367-2393.